This web site is dedicated to reporting on the Catherine Baillon Royal Connection Research Association. The following information will be found here:
Many people of French-Canadian ancestry can claim descent from Catherine Baillon. She was the daughter of Alphonse de Baillon, écuyer, and Louise de Marle. She was born around 1645, probably near Montfort-l'Amaury, Île-de-France, outside of Paris. Her parents were members of the minor French nobility. She came to New France around 1669 as a daughter of the King (that is, an immigrant bride royal officials would send over to the colony to marry a settler). She married Jacques Miville dit Deschênes on 12 November 1669 at Québec City. Together they had six children. Catherine died on 27 January 1688 at Rivière-Ouelle.
Catherine's lineage extends back to several other minor French nobility families in the Paris region. However, by pushing these lines further back it is possible to find connections to major French and European noble households. There have been several attempts to trace her ancestry back to royalty and to the Emperor Charlemagne in particular. René Jetté published one such proposed lineage in his scholarly Traité de généalogie (Montréal: Les Presses de l'Université de Montréal, 1991, pp. 112-114 and 593-598). This lineage was through her mother's family, the de Marles, and the key connection was to the Bournel de Thiembronne family. Jetté published his findings with documentation based on the best information available to him at that time. Soon after his book was published he collaborated with Gail F. Moreau and John P. DuLong in the translation of the crucial de Marle Livre de raison published in the American-Canadian Genealogist, 10:4 (Winter 1993):4-8, 19:2 (Spring 1993):42-45, 19:3 (Summer 1993):116-125, and 19:4 (Fall 1993):153-158. Moreau and Dulong also edited and translated "Archange Godbout's Baillon, de Marle, and Le Sueur Families of France" Michigan's Habitant Heritage 13:2 (April 1992):40-51. These works summarize the known facts and hypothetical theories regarding Catherine's ancestry.
We viewed proving Catherine's noble and possible royal lineage as an important task because it would allow her many descendants, spread across the United States and Canada, to trace their ancestry back to the Middle Ages.
Jetté, Moreau, and DuLong were very concerned that the available evidence relied too heavily on published works. They wanted to ground Catherine's lineage on original documents. In 1992, they formed the De Marle Royal Connection Research Association, which was subsequently renamed as the Baillon Royal Connection Research Association in 1994. The purpose of this Association was to band their resources together to pay for a professional genealogist in France to verify the lineage through the Bournel de Thiembronne line using original documents. After several years of research, we found that we had to reject the Bournel de Thiembronne connection as being chronologically unlikely. Consequently, we double our determination and decided to expand our Association to the purpose of tracing any potential royal connection for Catherine. In 1995, Roland-Yves Gagné was added to the associates. He brings his valuable ability to read ancient French and Flemish documents to the research team. In 1999, Fr. Joseph A. Dubé was added to the team because of the help he gave us researching the Lascaris de Vintimlle gateway.
Our Association was never opened to the public. Membership was by invitation only. However, we did accept financial contributions. We would like to thank the following people for financially contributing to our project: Betty (Champoux) Borgman, Harold R. Deschenes, George W. McLaughlin, Ronald R. Niquette, Sue Rood, Elaine Smith, and Rev. Jerome F. Weber. There support helped us complete our work and we are grateful to them for believing in us.
After many years of difficult reassert, and the expense of thousands of dollars, we have brought our Association to closure with the publication of our findings in an article and in our book. We have been able to trace Catherine Baillon's ancestry back, generation-by-generation, with accurate documentation and citations, to Charlemagne, the emperor of the western Holy Roman Empire, through the Le Bouteillier-Gavre gateway, and Theodoros II Dukas Lascaris, the emperor of the eastern Byzantine Empire, though the Chabot-Lascaris de Vintimlle gateway.
Although we still maintain contact with one another, and keep abreast of our various research projects, the Association is no longer officially in operation.
This web site will continue to be maintained to act as a clearinghouse for information about Catherine Baillon and further research done to trace her ancestry. It is our hope that our research will inspire others to extend her ancestry back further and to find other possible royal gateways for her.
We are very proud of our publications two publications, our articlewhich was also published in Englishand our book. All our research can be found in our book.
Our article summarizing the Le Bouteillier-Gavre gateway back to Charlemagne and rejecting the previously held Bournel de Thiembronne gateway was published in 1997. The full citation is:
You can still order copies of this article from the Société généalogique canadienne-française (SGCF). You can visit the SGCF web site or write them at:
This article was translated into English and published as:
Copies of the American-Canadian Genealogist with our article can be ordered from the the following address:
You can learn more about this organization by visiting its web page at: http://www.acgs.org.
It is important for you to understand that all of the information published in our French article is also found in our book with much more additional information.
Our book documenting the first twelve generations of Catherine Baillon's ancestry has been published by the Société généalogique canadienne-française.
Here is the text René Jetté wrote for the back cover of the book:
The full citation for the book is:
You can visit the SGCF web site or write them at:
To answer the inevitable question, the book is of course in French. However, there is an introductory chapter in English explaining the layout of the book and this should help you navigate the material. There are over 200 pages, hundreds of notes, several detailed proofs, illustrations, and three maps, and three appendixes. You will find enough information about your ancestors to keep you busy for days reading and analyzing the data. This book is the result of over ten years of work on the part of five genealogists. We hope you will enjoy reading our research as much as we enjoyed doing the work.
Other Publications Relating to Catherine Baillon
It is encouraging to see that other authors and researchers are studying Catherine Baillon and publishing their results. As these works are released, I will make note of them here.
De gueules à une tête de léopard d'or, baillonné de trois annelets de même [On a red field the head of a leopard of gold, muzzled by three small rings of the same metal]. Often only one ring is shown in depictions of the Baillon arms, that is, De gueules à tête de léopard d'or, bouclée du même. A colored illustration of the arms can be found in the Bibliothèque nationale de France, Cabinet des Titres, Armorial général, Paris mss. vol. 4, p. 33, ca. 1696. These were the arms recorded for Marie Rathier, widow of François de Baillon, écuyer, seigneur de la Brentonnière. She had been married to Catherine's distant cousin. There is also a black and white example of the arms in Louis-Pierre d'Hozier and Antoine-Marie d'Hozier's Armorial général de la France, 13 vols. (Paris: Firmin-Didot, 1738-1908), vol. 7, part 1, p. 65. Lastly, there is a fine modern rendering of the Baillon arms, showing three rings, in Dictionnaire national des Canadiens français (1608-1760) (3 vols. Rev. ed. Montréal: Institut généalogique Drouin,  1975) vol. 3, p. 1370.
Iin the course of our research on Catherine's ancestry, we have uncovered hundreds of ancestral arms. We were careful to record the blazon for each of these family arms in our book. Please view the Baillon Armorial to see drawings of the ancestral arms of Catherine Baillon.
Should you have any general questions regarding this Association and their work please contact John P. DuLong. Please understand that we can not answer detailed specific questions regarding our project. You will to review our publications for answers.
This page, and all contents, are Copyright © 1995 by John P. DuLong and associates, Berkley, MI. Created 23 November 1995. Modified 16 September 2012. The heraldry art work on this web page was accomplished using Adobe Illustrator CS and Armorial Gold Heraldry Clipart ver. 15.4.